Director of publications
Teresa Ribera

Pierre Barthélemy, Marion Gourdin, Carine Antunes

Anna Kiff


The 11th Conference of the Parties to the CBD: a return to normalcy in Hyderabad?
R. Billé et al.. Policy Brief.

An article on CBD's COP11 (October 8-19), which has been the opportunity to take stock of the "Nagoya legacy".

Resource Mobilisation for Aichi Targets: ambiguous lessons from research on market-based instruments
R. Lapeyre, R. Pirard, G. Kleitz. Policy Brief.

An article on market-based instruments (MBIs) and payments for ecosystem services (PES) in the context of the CBD strategy for resource mobilisation.

Ecologically or Biologically Significant Marine Areas (EBSAs): the identification process under the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) and possible ways forward
E. Druel. Working Paper.

An article on the global process for the identification of EBSAs set up by the CBD and on the policy and governance issues raised by the process.

Urban mobility and Information and Communications Technology; climate-related issues and perspectives
F. Miroux, B. Lefèvre. Study.

This article presents the results of a study on the issues raised by the diffusion of Information and Communications Technology within mobility processes; the study also provides possible ways of developing a local and decarbonised mobility supported by Information and Communications Technology.

Can economy save biodiversity? The Catskills legend revisited
Y. Laurans, S. Aoubid. Working Paper.

An article addressing the economic approach to biodiversity through the example of water management in the Catskills Moountains (United States).

october 2012N° 33

What development goals for post-2015?

Since 2000, the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) have provided the roadmap for development as far as the first milestone, the year 2015. So we are now nearing the time to assess results and set new challenges, possibly based on fresh goals. In 2012, the UN Secretary-General entrusted this task to the High-Level Panel of Eminent Persons on the Post-2015 Development Agenda, whose report will be forthcoming in May 2013. At the same time, the States present at the UN Conference on Sustainable Development (Rio+20) laid down the basis for a sustainable development agenda underpinned by MDG-type quantitative targets. The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are to be, as set out in paragraph 247 of Summit’s declaration, The Future We Want, "action-oriented, concise and easy to communicate, limited in number, aspirational, global in nature and universally applicable to all countries while taking into account different national realities, capacities and levels of development and respecting national policies and priorities". At the United Nations’ initiative, an intergovernmental working group and an international expert network are being set up to work on defining the SDGs.

IDDRI and Ferdi organised a day of discussions within the framework of the IDGM (Initiative for Development and Global Governance), in partnership with the FGEF, the French Ministry of Foreign and European Affairs, the European Commission’s DG for Research (Sustainable Rio) and backed by the Investing for the Future programme. The forum brought together the technical expertise of French and international researchers, the policy approaches of French, European and international public authorities and the views of leading development experts. What emerged from the discussions was the need to develop a “post-2015” vision of development able to engage the international community for the next twenty years. Yet, some critical questions are still outstanding. For a start, the need to co-ordinate the working groups and the expert network. Also unresolved are the potential divergences between a post-2015 development agenda that some wish to see materialise as a “post-MDG” agenda and a more overarching sustainable development agenda inclusive of the SDGs. Another open question is our joint ability to restore confidence and put together, in less than two years, an operational framework for commitment to sustainable development, only flimsily outlined—and at great pains—at Rio+20, the conference marking the twentieth anniversary of the Rio Earth Summit.

Apart from bringing different viewpoints and communities closer together, the forum undertook a comprehensive review of the current state of play regarding ongoing initiatives to define (sustainable) post-2015 development goals and examined the content of their proposals as well as at the related risks and opportunities. Blocks of goals emerged from the discussions—access to energy, water, sustainable cities…—as well as the shared conviction that a declaration of objectives with no framework and clear criteria to delimit them and ensure their political survival would be a purely speculative exercise doomed to failure. Governance by objectives, a pivotal component of the post-2015 sustainable development agenda, is necessarily coupled with key success factors that involve learning, measuring progress, financing and evaluation. Yet, currently, there are no specific mechanisms to deal with each of these aspects. Building them is now urgent and vital to restore confidence in our joint capacity to "deliver"—i.e. act and produce. The task is not insurmountable and we are not starting from scratch: for twenty years now, public (sustainable) development policies have been part of the learning process; they are measured, financed, evaluated and, though doubtless incomplete and imperfect, they are making good headway. What already exists offers enough ways forward to fire the imagination and ensure that political commitment to the SDGs becomes less of a risk.

This day-long forum is just one milestone in IDDRI’s reflections, which will be pursued until 2015, on these questions.

IDDRI's related publication: "Concretizing vagueness: new momentum for development through sustainable development goals?", S. Klapper, N. Kranz. Policy Briefs N°10/2012.