Marcelo Poppe is Adviser at The Centre for Strategic Management and Studies – CGEE, a non-profit Social Organization located in Brasília, DF, Brazil –, and holder and director of Copener Advice and Consulting Ltd. He is former Senior Consultant for The Brazilian National Industry Confederation – CNI (2005-2008). Until December 2003, he was Secretary of State for Energy Development, Ministry of Mines and Energy, Brazil, and former Director in the same matter and Ministry (2001-2002), in charge of the Brazilian National Policy for energy efficiency, energy technology, renewable energy and rural electrification. From 1998 to 2001, he was Special Adviser of the Board of Directors of the Brazilian Electricity Regulatory Agency (Aneel), and from 1984 to 1998, Senior Fellow at the International Research Centre on Environment and Development (Cired, Paris, France). From 1972 to 1983, he was Electrical Engineer at Natron and Enisa, two Brazilian engineering enterprises. He is graduated in Electrical Engineering by the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 1972, and Graduated (Master degree) in Economy of Production – Innovation and Energy Systems Economics by the University of Paris IX - Dauphine and the National Institute of Nuclear Science and Technology, France, 1985.