Governance of European energy policies2017 à 2018
Background and issues
At EU level The European Union has been a long-time leader both on climate action and policy as well as on climate diplomacy. It remains a critical player to finalize the Paris ‘rulebook’ and to ensure it follows through on its promises. Under the 2020 Climate and Energy Package, the EU has built a relatively elaborate framework for governing the low carbon transition.
This framework includes many instruments, ranging from legal instruments that place absolute limits on Union-wide emissions as well as more sector-specific directives and regulations, which aim to promote incremental but continued progress throughout the Union in key vectors of the transition.
Although this so called “acquis” has demonstrated some results under the 2020 Framework, it faces new challenges, which this projects addresses. At national level Despite the importance of the EU level, and the growing significance of local authorities, the national dimension remains a key level in the governance of climate transitions.
- Firstly, because transitions remain country specific since we all start with very different sets of infrastructures, resources and institutions.
- Secondly, because holding a national political debate (and reaching a consensus) is the key to domestic legislative and fiscal changes, but also to international (and EU) stances. The capacity of EU MS to implement their own transition is a precondition to a pro-active international engagement.