MILES (Modelling and Informing Low Emission Strategies)


Background and issues

The elaboration of informed and transparent narratives for low-emission development strategies at the national level is a key aspect of international negotiations on climate. Complementarily to the Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs) at 2030 horizon, the MILES (Modelling and Informing Low Emission Strategies) project takes a longer-term perspective and aims at contributing to the elaboration of visions of the low-carbon transition at a 2050 horizon.

Funding and partners

Research Partners
To support this process, the 3-year project MILES (2014-2017), coordinated by Iddri, brings together partners from US, Japan, Europe, China, India and Brazil to follow two major work streams.

Commission européenne (DG Climate Action) 

This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 730427


Publications - Results of the project (2014-2017)

Nature Climate Change (2017) - November 3, 2017 
Measuring progress from nationally determined contributions to mid-century strategies

STUDIES - A model-based analysis of the European Intended Nationally Determined Contribution




BRIEF - Beyond emission targets: how to strengthen the ambition of NDCs? Results of the MILES project informing the 2018 Facilitative Dialogue




FACTSHEETS (7 country case studies) - Inside NDCs: national strategies in the light of the Paris Agreement




Press Releases 

2017.09.22- Beyond emissions targets: How to strengthen the ambition of NDCs?

2017.10.22- Going Beyond the Numbers National contributions provide entry point for the low-carbon transformation: the Paris Agreement now needs to build a bridge to the below 2°C goal




         >  MILES report               > Executive Summary







            [PDF-1,4 Mo]                                   [PDF-418 Ko]


Going further  

  • On the one hand, it aims to develop assessment tools able to inform the design of national low-carbon narratives in participating countries, through the development of new models and/or the improvement of existing tools. These developments will be driven by the specific needs of each country, in function of the technical and socio-economic dimensions on which specific efforts of representation must be made to address explicitly crucial issues raised by decarbonization processes. Model outcomes will then help enrich the narratives of national low-carbon pathways by revealing obstacles and opportunities caused by complex interplays in the techno-economic system.
  • On the other hand and complementarily, the project will aim at organizing the dialogue between national and global model-based analyses, the latter being in particular the source of IPCC AR5 report. Indeed, national-scale analysis informs on the specificities of the country economy and can help improve its representation as one of the world regions in global-scale models; conversely, global-scale approaches inform on the international context and global implications of national strategies.