• Damien Demailly Damien Demailly est diplômé de l’École Polytechnique et docteur en économie. Après une thèse sur l’impact des politiques climatiques  …
  • Laura Brimont Laura Brimont a rejoint l'Iddri en mai 2015 en tant que chercheure au sein du programme Nouvelle Prospérité  …

> Etudes et synthèses
> Annexes

PICO - PIonniers du COllaboratif

2015 à 2016


Airbnb, Drivy, BlaBlaCar, La Ruche qui dit Oui, LeBonCoin, TechShop, FabLab, Wikipedia, Kickstarter, Coursera, etc.

The sharing economy encompasses a wide range of initiatives led by companies or associations, which are transforming the way we travel, consume, produce, finance and learn. The definition of the sharing economy is controversial, and it is emerging as a catch-all, a pipeline of innovations characterised by the use of digital technologies and the desire to circumvent existing operators.

The sharing economy is the focus of a number of debates, including:

  • unfair competition,
  • tax fraud, 
  • job insecurity...

How to regulate the sharing economy is a key question, which the public authorities are addressing. 

Two other questions are equally important:

  1. Does the sharing economy provide new solutions to collective sustainable development challenges such as waste prevention, mobility and energy?
  2. And if so, what can public policy makers do to support “public interest” initiatives?

These are the core questions that the Pionniers du Collaboratif (PICO – Sharing economy pioneers) project is attempting to answer.

Research objectives 

PICO focuses on the sharing economy for material goods, and studies initiatives such as FabLabs and Repair Cafés, as well as peer-to-peer marketplaces such as LeBonCoin, etc. :

  • environmental and social motivations of entrepreneurs, and platform users,
  • current impacts of five platformes of exchanges of goods between users, 
  • and the role that public governments could play to support most promising business models for a circular economy

Actors and finance