TYFA - Ten Years for Agroecology in Europe2014 à 2019
Background and issues
European farming is not sustainable in the medium term. It is locked, from a technical and socio-economical point of view, in an evolution pathway that has and will have major environmental and socio-economic impacts within and outside EU boundaries, in both rural and urban communities.
The current call for agroecology at different levels —UN, Europe, Member states, local — takes place in this general context. A greater efficiency in the use of inputs, based on the mobilization of more ecological auxiliaries replacing fertilisers and pesticides —namely the technical basis of agroecology — appears as a key goal for many stakeholders. Agroecology mobilizes a wide set of technologies combining crops, livestock, pastures and landscapes features practices that can only be fully designed at a farm and local level. As it stands on a robust understanding of ecological processes and is rooted in the diversity of agrarian systems and food systems, agroecology is said to be particularly well equipped to address future challenges and transitions. There is however a need to identify (i) to what extent a broad agroecological transition could meet European demands for food, fibre and fuel; and (ii) under which conditions – social, economic and political – a large scale agroecological transitions could happen throughout Europe.
In this context, TYFA’s objectives are twofold:
to develop a radical – yet plausible, coherent and scientifically sound – scenario for an agroecological transition in Europe in order to identify if, and under which conditions, such a transition could happen. The scenario will be made up of two components. On the one hand is the need to develop a coherent picture of the European food system by 2050 from an agronomic point of view – that is, the combination of farming systems and the resulting land-use consistent with Agroecological principles – along with a series of hypothesis regarding diets, food chains organisation and the policy framework that are necessary for the scenario to be coherent. On the other hand, this 2050 picture needs to be accompanied by the description of a transition pathway which describes the main levers but also the roadblocks to overcome for this picture to become true /possible, considering the present situation.
- this scenario will then be used as a way to trigger public and policy debates on the future of agriculture and food in Europe, targeting three main types of actors: decision makers who have a direct influence on the governance of agricultural development; citizens/consumers/tax-payers, in that they can in turn influence the decision makers by voting, protesting, claiming; and the agricultural community in Europe and in different member States.
AScA – Bureau d’étude, application des Sciences de l’Action
IPES Food – International Panel of Expert on Sustainable Food Systems
SFFP – Sustainable Food and Farming Platform
EFSAF – European Foundation for Sustainable Food and Farming
FPH – Fondation pour le Progrès de l’Homme