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A new chapter for the high seas?

Issue Briefs N°02/2015. Iddri, 2015. 4 p.

Cet article, "A new chapter for the high seas? Historic decision to negotiate an international legally binding instrument on the conservation and sustainable use of marine biodiversity in areas beyond national jurisdiction", est consacré à la décision historique prise par les États, le 23 janvier 2015, dans le cadre de la 9e réunion du BBNJ Working Group (Groupe de travail spécial officieux à composition non limitée chargé d’étudier les questions relatives à la conservation et à l’exploitation durable de la biodiversité marine dans les zones situées au-delà des limites de la juridiction nationale), d’ouvrir des négociations pour l’élaboration d’un accord juridiquement contraignant sur la conservation de la biodiversité marine dans les zones situées au-delà des juridictions nationales.

POINTS CLÉS [en anglais] :

  • After almost 10 years of discussions, States finally agreed to launch negotiations for the elaboration of an international legally binding instrument dedicated to the conservation and sustainable use of marine biodiversity in ABNJ.
  • The process will take a two-step approach: (1) a Preparatory Committee (PrepCom) will make recommendations to the UNGA on the elements of a draft text by the end of 2017; (2) the UNGA will then decide on the convening and date of an intergovernmental conference by the end of its 72nd session (i.e. September 2018).
  • The historic nature of the decision taken by the States, and the enthusiasm demonstrated by many delegations and observers, does not mean the forthcoming negotiation process will be easy. The road ahead is paved with difficult choices and complex challenges.