Implementing NBS (nature-based solutions) in climate policies: What’s in it for biodiversity? First lessons from Morocco and Tunisia
The report begins by discussing the identification of NBS-type actions contained in the NDCs of Morocco and Tunisia. These NBS are then classified into three types according to their level of ambition for biodiversity protection, and their distribution between these three types is examined. An analysis is then made of the potential and risks of the NBS for biodiversity. Finally, five recommendations are put forward to guide the implementation of the NBS contained in the NDCs.
NOT ALL NATURE-BASED SOLUTIONS HAVE THE SAME LEVEL OF AMBITION FOR BIODIVERSITY PROTECTION
The actions contained in the nationally determined contributions (NDCs) that correspond to “nature-based solutions” (NBS) can be listed and ranked according to their level of ambition for biodiversity protection. In the NDCs, the most ambitious climate NBS in terms of biodiversity are in the minority.
DIFFERENT CATEGORIES OF CHALLENGES FOR BIODIVERSITY
The most ambitious NBS concerning biodiversity usually rely on existing conservation policies: during the implementation of the NDCs, additional financial and human resources will need to be mobilised in order to strengthen the effective implementation of these conservation policies. For the other types of NBS, the key requirement is ensuring better integration of biodiversity, not only in the technical characteristics of projects, but also in decisions made during sectoral and territorial reorganisation processes.
DEVELOPING AND SUPPORTING NATIONAL TASK FORCES FOR THE INTERSECTORAL IMPLEMENTATION OF NBS CONTAINED IN THE NDCs
It will be necessary to identify and support the actors capable of delivering intersectoral implementation, in both the public services and civil society, in order to ensure biodiversity challenges are taken into account throughout NDC implementation. Concerning the public services, coordination of the national focal points of the three Rio conventions (climate, biodiversity, desertification), joined by those responsible for implementing the Sustainable Development Goals, could form an initial hub within each country.
CINQ RECOMMANDATIONS POUR ORIENTER LA MISE EN OEUVRE DES SFN CLIMATIQUES
We make five recommendations to support biodiversity during climate NBS implementation.
(1) Analysing NDCs in order to identify the NBS they contain and classify these according to their level of ambition and the guarantees they provide for biodiversity protection.
(2) Prioritising NBS measures relying on policies that already explicitly integrate ecosystem protection or restoration targets.
(3) Integrating biodiversity targets into climate NBS that do not give them explicit attention.
(4) &EEvaluating the additional resources required to implement biodiversity-friendly climate NBS.
(5) Identifying and supporting project leaders capable of intersectoral implementation of NBS.