Agriculture and Food

Since the 2007-2008 food crises have placed agriculture back on international and national agendas, one of the key questions that remains to be explored is linked to the types of agricultural and food systems governments and societies shall develop and promote to answer the twofold stake of population growth and environmental issues.

Keeping on relying on large-scale, highly mechanized and input-intensive agriculture seems to be a risky option, as this model has proved to have strong environmental and socio-economic impacts. Looking for innovative agricultural and food systems, able to deliver on social, economic and environmental objectives at multiple scales, has become essential.


Defining what these systems could be is one thing.
Understanding which transformation pathways could enable countries to promote them and scale them up – taking into account national situations – is also another fundamental research issue.

In light of the challenges of economic, social and environmental sustainability now facing our agricultural and food systems, is it enough to reform our existing systems? If not, which real sea change would be needed? What would be the conditions required for such a change and what would be the effects on natural resources, food security and the society?

Iddri’s Food and Agriculture Program would like to provide answers to these questions by developing research revolving around two pivotal areas:

  • The first research area, Transitions, aims to explore the transformation pathways and the possible futures of agricultural and food systems.
  • The second research area, Global governance, wishes to brings contribution to the current research on governance and on international political and economic measures which would enable and support the transformation of agricultural and food systems.