Director of publications
Establishing an Emissions Trading System in China under the Twelfth Five-Year Plan Policy Considerations.
Ji Feng Li, Ya Xiong Zhang, Cai Songfeng. Policy Briefs N°02/2012.
In this paper written within the framework of the Learning Platform initiative, in a first step, the authors present the concept of emission trading schemes (ETS) and their importance to China, as affirmed in the 12th Five Year Plan (2011-2015). They then set out 10 key recommendations aimed at the effective implementation and operation of this system in China. [Find out more]
Mitigation targets and actions in China up to 2020. Progress towards the 2020 carbon intensity target, allocation of provincial targets, design of carbon market pilots, and links with broader socio economic objectives.
E. Guérin, X. Wang. Working Papers N°01/2012.
In this article, the authors describe the objectives of the Chinese climate policies as defined by the 12th Five Year Plan (2011-2015), and analyse the measures implemented within this framework, particularly in terms of carbon intensity measurement; lastly, they underline the importance of structural changes to the Chinese economy that are necessary to achieve these objectives. [Find out more]
Biopiracy and the Role of Private International Law under the Nagoya Protocol.
C. Chiarolla. Working Papers N°02/2012.
An article on the emergence, since the adoption of the Nagoya Protocol in late 2010, of private international law in matters of access to genetic resources and equitable sharing of benefits (ABS), including cases of biopiracy. [Find out more]
Through the consideration of migration as an adaptation strategy to climate change, IDDRI is engaged in a broader analysis of the governance of migration linked to environmental degradation. Today, approximately 210 million people live in a country that is not their original birthplace. This represents approximately 3% of the world population, a figure that has more than doubled over the past 25 years. In addition, many people migrate within their own national borders: at the last count, this number stood at 740 million. This means that around one in seven people now live in an area other than that in which they were born.
Migration is a complex phenomenon that is determined by many factors. Some individuals leave to find work, to improve their education or to seek a better life. Others leave for reasons of family reunification or to earn money to send back to their families at home. However, many migrants do not leave through choice, instead they are forcibly uprooted from their homelands by war, violence and - increasingly - environmental degradation, which results from natural disasters or climate change impacts. Still, there remains a scarcity of data and detailed case studies on migration induced by sudden natural disasters or from the more gradual impacts of environmental change. To address this deficiency, IDDRI has collaborated with the International Organization for Migration (IOM) to launch a publication, which is intended to become annual, designed to take stock of environment-related migration across the world. Published in December 2011, The State of Environmental Migration analyses eight case studies in an attempt to describe and understand the complex relationships between environmental change and migratory flows.
Nevertheless, migration remains a poorly understood phenomenon, the management of which is still largely based on unfounded fears and ideological prejudices. Even though the issue can essentially be regarded as a global phenomenon, international cooperation efforts are still in their infancy, and most states, both North and South, continue to strengthen their immigration controls. While migration is still largely viewed as a problem, or even a threat to national identity and national security, IDDRI strives to inform the debate by fostering a detailed understanding of the driving forces of migration and, in particular, new factors such as environmental degradation, and also by analysing the governance issues posed by a phenomenon that can only increase in future.
With this in mind, IDDRI forged a strategic partnership with IOMin 2011 [find out more] that addresses environmental hazards, climate change, vulnerability and migration, within a context of sustainable development. As an international leader in the field of migration, IOM is active in over 100 countries and has a membership of 146 states. The partnership represents the formalisation of a long-established cooperation, especially in the study of environmental migration. In this context, IDDRI and IOM will thus prepare a scoping paper (Issue Brief) on migration for the Rio+20 summit in June, and will participate in several international networks on the links between climate change adaptation and migration.
In 2012, IDDRI will continue in its endeavours to promote the idea that migration can be of benefit to all, provided that it is better planned and coordinated. Accordingly, IDDRI in cooperation with the French Development Agency and the World Bank, will organise an international conference entitled "Migration, Environment and Development in the Mediterranean and the Middle East", to be held on 13th and 14th June 2012; and will also host the annual COST network meeting "Climate Change and Migration" on 1st, 2nd and 3rd October 2012 [find out more].
>> Related Publications:
- Migrations et déplacements de populations dans un monde à +4°C - Scénarios d’évolution et options politiques
P. Brücker, F. Gemenne. Policy Briefs, N°04/11.
- The State of Environmental Migration 2010
F. Gemenne, P. Brücker, J. Glasser. Studies, N°07/11.