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* INVALUABLE, projet sur les instruments de marché pour la conservation de la biodiversité / project on market-based instruments in the context of biodiversity conservation



Biodiversity and ecosystems:

Identifying levers of change

The degradation of biodiversity and ecosystems is real and visible, and public opinion has been aware of the issue for decades. Nature conservation policies have been implemented, using instruments that have now been tried and tested. Moreover, the international community has adopted common objectives in 2010 under the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD). However, biodiversity and ecosystems continue to deteriorate rapidly. Some experts even talk of a sixth mass extinction of species. And the pressure is increasing every day, due to the rapid changes taking place in our societies and climate.

Preserving our natural heritage requires transformation, new approaches, and the effective implementation of commitments that were announced some time ago. These transformations need changing modes of production and consumption, while also improving the situation for producers.

IDDRI’s project is to link biodiversity erosion to its causes, and to ensure that there is debate on the transformations needed to address these causes. For example, it is necessary to frame discussions and negotiations on what would be entailed by the abandonment of the production and consumption of certain agricultural commodities, when such commodities are produced by clearing primary forests, in preference for products grown without deforestation: would it be possible, how and what transformations would be necessary?

IDDRI seeks to facilitate debates and negotiations with evidence showing that the better conservation and management of natural heritage requires changes in our production systems and a shift in development policies.


To meet this objective as part of its biodiversity agenda, IDDRI is involved in four main areas:

  1. the strategic role of science and expertise in the development of biodiversity policies;
  2. searching for sectoral policies that promote biodiversity and the preservation of natural resources;
  3. analysis of the links between socio-economic development and land use change;
  4. the transformation and diversification of agricultural and food models compatible with the protection of biodiversity.


Current projects

  • Involvement with IPBES
    (Intergovernmental Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services) to integrate available knowledge on public policies and their effects
  • Involvement with scientists to better integrate the strategic role of science in the development and implementation of sustainability policies
  • Analysis of “nature-based solutions” from a biodiversity perspective: opportunities and threats associated with the implementation of national policies
  • Monitoring and analysis of international negotiations related to biodiversity
  • Research on land degradation, its determinants and management