References :

Chancel, L. (2017). Insoutenables Inégalités. Pour une justice sociale et environnementale. Les Petits Matins, Paris, 184 p.


In the context of increasing inequalities and mass employment, environmental policies are often seen as additional constraints, or even worse, anti-poor or anti-rural measures. However, social and environmental inequities are closely tied.

Indeed, the figures are conclusive: whether in the developed or developing world, the richest are the biggest polluters, while the poorest remain the most vulnerable and exposed to the risks of environmental damage, as the recent hurricanes in the Atlantic have shown.

The issue of social justice must therefore be placed at the heart of sustainable development policies. Infrastructure, innovative measuring systems, reforms… solutions and examples that can be emulated abound. However, their implementation cannot be done overnight, and not without resistance either, be it in Europe, the United States or India. The author puts forward several concrete proposals to support and accelerate the required transformation of the welfare state, and argues for a better coordination of local initiatives and international action.