In 2020, the High Council for Climate (HCC) will develop an assessment framework to identify the strengths and weaknesses of the National Climate Change Adaptation Plan (PNACC-2). This framework will guide the implementation of the plan, which is expected to begin in 2021. By analysing the key components of the PNACC-2, this Issue Brief aims to contribute to the HCC's reflection on this national adaptation assessment framework.
Implementation of the 58 actions put forward in the PNACC-2 may stall due to lack of precision on the allocation of responsibility to specific actors. Based on an extensive national consultation, rather than a comprehensive and prioritised climate risk assessment, the actions provide general adaptation objectives. However, few of them explain the means of implementation (designating a coordinating body, establishing a timetable and identification of available resources), which generates gaps in incentives for action and institutional support.
The implementation of PNACC-2 depends on the ability of a variety of economic actors and decision-makers to integrate climate risks into their decisions, yet existing data and models are often not 'translated' to reach beyond an expert audience. The DRIAS initiative could serve as a basis for improving the dissemination of this information on future climate risks, in particular through formats that are easier to understand for a wide range of stakeholders.
The current framework for monitoring and evaluating the implementation of adaptation actions throughout the territory may not be sufficient given the scale and different levels of management presented by the PNACC-2. Clarification of this framework and better coordination between sector authorities, the National Council for Ecological Transition (CNTE) and other specialised institutions (e.g. Cerema and Ademe), is needed to monitor progress and inform adaptation priorities in France.