"Health is a public good, just like education or security. Its 'return on investment' seems high. A key component for delivery of this public good [...] lies in a combination of absolutely vital, but limited, public funds and privatesector financing. Yet, whatever the amounts made available through these different channels, official development assistance (ODA) remains an indispensible tool as it has a triple role: catalysing funds, funding specific schemes that would never attract finance from the marketplace and providing healthrelated knowledge gathered over many decades. In this setting, France has the opportunity to further consolidate and develop the comparative advantages of its development assistance for health (DAH)."