MILES is a 3-year research project (2014-2017) that brings together partners from the US, Japan, Europe, China, India and Brazil to elaborate transparent narratives for low-emission development strategies at the national and global levels in order to inform the international negotiations on climate and national climate policies.

The project involved in-country teams developing low-carbon transition pathways in line with their national context, as well as global modelling to assess the collective impact of climate action. These efforts considered both the 2030 horizon of the Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs) and the longer-term perspective of contributing to the elaboration of pathways at a 2050 horizon.

The MILES project outputs therefore provide a useful starting point, both for countries themselves and for subsequent projects focused on the realisation of the Paris Agreement vision.

This report collects the new low-carbon pathways developed by in-country research teams in the project, taking into account the socio-economic specificities of each country and trying to address some of the development issues associated with the decarbonization process.


  • BRAZIL: Economic and social impacts of a low emission development strategy
  • CHINA: Addressing non-CO2 greenhouse gases in long-term climate strategy
  • EUROPEAN UNION: Climate policies, NDC and low-carbon pathways
  • INDIA: Policy implications of a low-carbon growth
  • INDONESIA: Deep decarbonization for the AFOLU sector and food sovereignty
  • MEXICO: Electric power generation scenarios in the context of the Paris Agreement
  • UNITED STATES: Energy system restructuring for deep decarbonization
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  • The MILES Project Consortium