An article written by Sébastien Treyer in the Watch Letter No. 34 (September 2015), published by the International Centre for Advanced Mediterranean Agronomic Studies (CIHEAM). This article is devoted to the question of the transformation pathways for the food and agriculture sector in the post-2015 sustainable development agenda. This agenda is marked both by climate negotiations, which must reach a universal agreement in December 2015 in Paris, and by the adoption in September 2015 in New York of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), which are also universal.
"The Mediterranean context is particularly illustrative of the fact that attaining the Sustainable Development Goals will not be possible without a deep transformation of the development pathways, and in particular, the transformation of food and agriculture systems. First, the impact of climate changes will be particularly important in the Mediterranean basin, amplifying the frequency and magnitude of extreme events of droughts, heat waves, storms and floods, while at the same time reducing the average availability of water. Already existing phenomena of water scarcity, soil erosion and degradation will therefore are foreseen to be even more acute."