This blog post was written as part of the work of the Deep Decarbonization Pathways Initiative on the preparation of the Paris Climate Agreement’s Global Stocktake.

The UNFCCC stresses the need to envisage systems’ transformation in climate policy and identifies a set of key conditions to implement them, as part of the synthesis report of the first Global Stocktake (GST). The report, published last week, highlights the importance of international cooperation and support, the role of non-party stakeholders in climate action and cooperation among them, and a country-based and needs-based approach to climate action. These insights come from the gathering of the best available science and the compilation of inputs from countries and non-party stakeholders as emerging from the Technical Dialogue conducted since early 2022, with the objective of guiding the political process towards COP28.