REPLAY (in French)
Opening and session n°1: Cocoa and biodiversity: discussion on the promises of agroforestry
Session n°2: A value chain that’s hard to bite
Session n°3: Cocoa certification and biodiversity: a review of limitations and progress
Session n°4: Business and NGO approaches: avenues and perspectives
Fréderic Amiel (IDDRI)
For nearly three years, AFD and IDDRI have conducted research into the organisation of the cocoa market, its supply chains and quality labels, and how to find solutions and address potential difficulties. To mark the completion of this research, the two partners organised a day of four webinars to share the results and to reflect on these issues through a series of webinars, just before the festive season, which is often a time when the media raises questions about the social impact of consumption. 520px-AFD_logo.svg.png Cocoa-chocolate is a perfect illustration of the current problems facing sustainable development.
From start to finish, this globalized value chain triggers accusations of deforestation, land degradation, inadequate remuneration for some producers, concentration of economic value in the hands of a few, in the production of a commodity that is becoming increasingly popular on all continents, four-fifths of which are destined for products needing only lower quality chocolate, such as confectionary and biscuits. Its importance in producer economies, primarily Côte d'Ivoire and Ghana, means that the market is a major political issue. The associated deforestation, which is partly due to vulnerable populations coming from intra-continental immigration, makes it an issue that inextricably links the environment and society.
It is thus impossible to design sustainable development policies for producer countries without appropriately addressing the issues raised by its expansion. Moreover, it is the focus of attention of European Union governments, and of projects to control imported deforestation, both in France, with the National Strategy Against Imported Deforestation of the government's Biodiversity Plan, and in the rest of the EU, with the draft text prohibiting imported deforestation on the European market, which is scheduled for implementation in 2021.
- 9:00 am - Opening Bérangère Abba, French Minister of State for Biodiversity Bertrand Walckenaer, Associate Chief Executive Officer at AFD
- 9:30 am - Session n°1: Cocoa and biodiversity: discussion on the promises of agroforestry
With: Frédéric Amiel (IDDRI) Patrick Jagoret (CIRAD) Manuel Toledo (University of Göttingen; in English) Conclusions: Tiphaine Leménager, Biodiversity Project Officer (AFD)
- 11:15 am - Session n°2: A value chain that’s hard to bite
With: Presentation of results, analysis and conclusions: Frédéric Amiel (IDDRI), Christophe Alliot (BASIC), Adeline Dontenville (European Forest Institute), Régis Meritan (European Commission, Head of the "agricultural growth" sector, DG DEVCO) Conclusions: Christophe Ducastel, Biodiversity Officer (AFD)
- 02:00 pm - Session n°3: Cocoa certification and biodiversity: a review of limitations and progress
With: Frédéric Amiel (IDDRI) Christophe Eberhart (Ethiquable) Julie Stoll (Commerce Équitable France) Conclusions: Emmanuel Dolfus, Rural Development and Biodiversity Project Team Leader (AFD)
- 03:45 pm - Session n°4: Business and NGO approaches: avenues and perspectives
With: Antoine Resk Diomandé, CSR Director (Cémoi) Cédric Rabany (NGO Nitidae) Cécile Lachaux (Noé) Conclusions: Christophe Cottet, Director, AFD Accra Agency (Ghana) These webinars were moderated by Yann Laurans, Biodiversity and Ecosystems Programme Director (IDDRI). Image by David Greenwood-Haigh from Pixabay