This Note is an expert perspective of the vision and key design elements of the Troika-led Mission 1.5 UNFCCC process in order to effectively address the significant gaps in action and support for transitioning to low-GHG and climate-resilient economies in line with the Paris Climate Agreement goals. It therefore contributes ideas to Mission 1.5’s design, as delegates and observers meet in Bonn in early June 2024 to advance climate negotiations.

This Note is a collective effort from several experts who contributed in shaping its main ideas: Daniel Buira, Vaibhav Chaturvedi, Navroz K. Dubash, Kaveh Guilanpour, Céline Kauffmann, Cristián Retamal, Carlos Rittl, Ma José Sanz, Anna Perez Català, Henri Waisman and Harald Winkler, along with authors Xolisa Ngwadla, Marta Torres Gunfaus and Alexandra Deprez. It contains our preliminary ideas on Mission 1.5 and will be discussed and consulted with Parties and non-Parties during the 60th SBs session in Bonn. An updated version will be considered in order to integrate feedback where needed.

Key Messages

  • Launched in the COP28 Global Stocktake Decision, Mission 1.5 presents a key opportunity to support the most important missing enablers for achieving 1.5°C-aligned and resilient climate action by enhancing international cooperation and improv- ing international enabling environment for countries’ on-the-ground action in a ‘needs-based’ perspective in the lead up to COP30.
  • Mission 1.5 will be effective if–through necessary improvement of international cooperation and enabling environments–it succeeds in helping countries to resolutely shift away from incremental short-sighted action to the collective whole-of-society systems transformation needed, particularly in relation to short-term actions.
  • Mission 1.5 could make possible for COP30 to set up a coordination framework for international cooperation that can better guide and connect to the different processes occurring within and outside of the UNFCCC and across scales (optimizing UNFCCC orchestration role) and better connect country transformational needs with international efforts, whilst delivering the near- term ambition of commitments to action and support starting at COP29.
  • To do so, under the COP Troika’s leadership, Mission 1.5 requires continuity on a clear, and understandable vision of what it needs to deliver, why, and how. The step change that Mission 1.5 can bring requires embracing innovation and recognizing that the approach and modalities may be seen as an experimentation to strengthen the global response to the Paris Agreement. UNFCCC’s subsidiary bodies negotiations in Bonn (June 2024) are a unique opportunity to create space and start consultations among Parties and experts on the Mission 1.5 vision.
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