Chan, S., Bauer, S., Betsill, M.M. et al. (2022). The global biodiversity framework needs a robust action agenda. Nat Ecol Evol.



We call on parties to the CBD to include in the framework at COP15 an action agenda that follows the following principles: ‘Complementary’; ‘Catalytic’; ‘Collaborative’; ‘Comprehensive’; ‘Credible’. These ‘5Cs’ should characterize an action agenda that generates enthusiasm for a diverse array of actors to take biodiversity action. By working alongside other UN action agendas, such a biodiversity action agenda could stimulate synergies and co-benefits with climate and human health, while avoiding potential trade-offs (such as large-scale bioenergy and afforestation projects that could provide climate benefits but risk negative effects on biodiversity).