Background and issues

The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, adopted at the United Nations (UN) Sustainable Development summit in September 2015, was defined by the UN Secretary-General as an “Agenda for people”. Its key component, the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), were the outcome of an intergovernmental process considered by some as the most democratic and inclusive accomplishment in the history of the UN.

It is no surprise that a stand-alone SDG – SDG14 – is dedicated to the oceans and their conservation and sustainable use.

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The oceans cover two thirds of the planet, provide food for billions of people, play a key role in climate regulation, host a large portion of biological diversity and enable vital economic activities. The 2030 Agenda therefore puts a healthy ocean at the core of the global sustainable development agenda and sets targets for tackling some of the most pressing issues facing the ocean, including the overexploitation of natural resources, climate change and pollution.


This project aims to address implementation challenges for SDG14 and to support both States and regional organisations in developping relevant strategies and measures, especially in the Western Indian Ocean and the Caribbean.

>> See the 2030 Agenda page on the PROG website