Background and issues

Initiatives promoting the use of “nature-based solutions” to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and mitigate the effects of floods and droughts are on the rise and are receiving increasing attention from a wide range of actors.

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How can nature-based solutions be implemented in such a way as to ensure they actually transform policy action and benefit both “nature” as well as other climate change policy objectives?

This project aims to answer this question by studying the history of NBS-type policies and learning from their past failures as well as successes. To guide the implementation of NBS, it is important to identify the conditions in which these types of projects can effectively induce a change in practices at the regional level to benefit biodiversity.

Project strategy and methodology

To this end, the project is based on a review of the literature dealing with the successes and failures of conservation initiatives and a series of six case studies, which analyse:

  • three innovative cases of initiatives that have resulted in the strengthening of biodiversity conservation within a region, and
  • three cases where such initiatives have failed to achieve this goal.

A comparative analysis of these cases will be contrasted with the literature review and a multi-stakeholder discussion will be held at a workshop. The aim will be to shed light on the subject and develop a series of recommendations for public and private decision-makers to ensure NBS implementation in a manner that will actually benefit the cause of biodiversity.