Landry, J., Rankovic, A., Chabason, L. (2021). Les politiques de protection de la biodiversité et l’Ecological Redlining en Chine : quelles implications pour la COP 15 ? Les Annales des Mines, N° 101, janvier 2021.
During the past thirty years, China has lifted a large proportion of its population out of poverty thanks to an economic development with heavy repercussions on ecosystems, domestically and abroad. Since the 1980s, the government has adopted conservation policies for establishing ‟nature reserves” and national parks. In the first decade of this millennium, a keener awareness arose about pollution; and in the 2010s, an integrated approach was promoted for managing ecosystems. The ‟ecological protection red line”, a concept implemented since 2011, is a response to conflicts between the development of agriculture, urban areas and industry, on the one hand, and, on the other, the protection of ecosystems and biodiversity. As China is preparing to host COP15 (CDB: Convention on biological diversity), this ‟ecological redlining” is discussed in relation to both the development of Chinese biodiversity policies and the efforts made in territorial planning for the whole country. How can the Chinese approach affect the discussions leading up to COP15?