At Reid Hall - from 12:30 to 2:00 pm.
While the implementation of the last Common Agricultural Policy (reformed in 2013) is still in its infancy in many countries and especially in France, several actors have already put forth their proposal on the table for the next one. However, as many commentators have rightly pointed out, we lack a clear assessment of the impact the last reform has had on socio-economic and environmental issues. In this context, this session will provide insights coming from existing studies regarding the environmental side, with the intent of (re)framing the current debate.
Since the end of the 1990's, several tools have been developed within the CAP to better integrate/take into account environmental issues. The launch of voluntary agri-environmental measures in 2001 or the setting up of the environmental conditionality in 2003, are two examples of such tools, which rely on extremely different theories of change: while the former is indeed meant to incentivize farmers to adopt better practices in exchange of a compensatory payment, the latter forces them to comply with existing environmental regulations if they want to receive the subsidies they are entitled to receive. In parallel, the overall environmental impact of agricultural production has been steadily increasing in most European countries. In this context, the 2013 reform and the so-called “CAP greening” was meant to combine both approaches by distinguishing, in first pillar subsidies, basic payment and green payment.
Given this context, David Baldock talk will address the following questions: how did this reform come out? What were its initial intents, and how has it performed? Should we try to elaborate on the “CAP greening” for the next reform or, on the contrary, change the whole implementation framework?
Aurélie Trouvé will then discuss the main points raised, relying notably on the research she has been carrying out over the last 5 years on the impact of CAP implementation on different agricultural sectors in France and Europe.
The session will be held in English without interpretation
Interview of David Baldock (in English)
Interview of Aurélie Trouvé (in French)