This brochure, written in French, is the result of the CECAM Project (Energy and carbon content in household food supply), managed by the Club Ingénierie Prospective Energie et Environnement. The chosen entry is that of household food consumption in metropolitan France, different from food production and processing in the national territory. The results presented consider the main energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions of the average diet of the French population, taking into account the consumption and emissions contained in imports of intermediate or final products and excluding French production exported. The main stages of the food system and their relative weight in the total footprint are detailed as follows: agricultural production, processing, freight transport, distribution, catering, travel for household food purchases, and home preparation.
We have brought together data from statistics and models of agricultural production, food consumption, processing and transport. Ultimately, the objective would be to use the assessment and simulation tools developed for a foresight exercise. Indeed, the combination of the models mobilised will make it possible to simulate changes at the various stages of the food system (production methods, processing, possible relocation of imported products to France, reduced transport logic throughout the chain, supply method and change of base) and to assess their impact on energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions.