Context and issues

Coal still represents 28% of global energy consumption. It is clear that meeting countries’ commitments under the Paris Agreement requires already significant reductions in coal consumptions. In many coal dependent countries, this raises significant political, social and economic issues.

Garzweiler mine, Germany



The objective of this project is to develop credible and feasible trajectories and policy packages for deep transitions in the coal sector in six major coal using countries : Australia, China, Germany, India, Poland, South Africa.


Final Reports

Synthesis Report


National Reports

Coal transitions in Australia

Coal transitions in China

Coal transitions in India

Coal transitions in Germany

Coal transitions in Poland

Coal transitions in South Africa

What does “peak coal” mean for international coal exporters?



IDDRI and Climate Strategies are the implementing partners for the Coal Transitions Project.

See the Coal Transitions Project website

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