The Paris Agreement requires each Party to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change to submit a revision of its national contribution in 2020. In this context, this Issue Brief proposes a logical and coherent structure for the elaboration of a decarbonisation strategy for freight transport designed around five main categories of strategies and a set of underlying socio-economic and technological determinants and transformations.
- Achieving a truly deep decarbonisation strategy for freight transport requires to move beyond the conventional focus on improving engine technology and alternative fuel solutions.
- Defining a sectoral deep decarbonisation strategy and translating it in a concrete action plan by 2030 requires an in-depth consideration of the drivers of sectoral transformations. This is needed to make the transition understandable and operational by all actors and to support the definition of a robust decarbonisation strategy in a context of uncertainties suited to contribute to raising the level of ambition. This requires, among other things, a rethinking of a set of determinants, such as systems of production, consumption and trade, the need for multimodal infrastructure, the regulatory frameworks of logistics, the development of new vehicles and energy infrastructure needs.
- Beyond freight transport, this strategic approach has a more general scope and can be applied to other sectors of activity.