How can the necessary boost to energy renovation in buildings be initiated? What strategic framework and what instruments should be implemented as a priority at the beginning of this five-year term? In order to contribute to the public debate and to the development of the future "Roadmap for the energy renovation of buildings" (included in Article 1 of the 2019 Energy-Climate Law), this Policy Brief presents 10 key priorities, inspired by the report of the expert platform coordinated since 2020 by IDDRI and ADEME.

Key Messages

  • As the keystone of resilience in the face of energy price crises and essential to achieving France's 2050 carbon neutrality goals, renovation policy must focus on performance. It is now the structuring of a high-performance renovation market, making it possible to achieve the BBC (low-energy building) renovation label, that must guide it.
  • All policy tools must therefore be aligned with performance. This implies clarifying the regulatory definition of "high-performance" renovations, gradually aligning the aid systems with these criteria, securing the necessary investment amounts and ensuring that households are supported at all stages of the project.
  • This alignment can only be achieved by overcoming the controversies that block renovation policies. Three areas of dialogue between actors appear to be a priority: agreeing on manpower and skill requirements; examining the question of the obligation to renovate; and analyzing the synergies and antagonisms between the various policies that have housing as their object, but different objectives.
  • In order to initiate this change of scale on a credible basis, a strategic roadmap is needed to provide visibility on political developments and the programming of budgetary resources over a 10 to 15-year period. This is necessary in order to send the clear signal to the industry that it needs to get moving.
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