Aparajita Banerjee, Damien Barchiche, San Bilal, Céline Kauffmann, Ann Kingiri, Alfonso Medinilla, Chantal Naidoo, Chukwumerije Okereke, Gboyega Olorunfemi, Youba Sokona, Sébastien Treyer (2024). Building a shared agenda on green industrialization for Africa and Europe. Ukȧmȧ.

This Policy Brief presents key messages from studies on emerging green industrialization initiatives in Africa, focusing on the influence of Africa-Europe relations as well as opportunities and barriers to transformational partnerships. The studies concentrated on green hydrogen, solar and electric cooking in Namibia, Nigeria, and Kenya. This paper therefore belongs to a series dedicated to green industrialization in Africa produced within the framework of the Ukȧmȧ Platform. Other reports include the three country case studies, and a Synthesis Paper.


The clean technologies reviewed in Nigeria, Kenya, and Namibia can be opportunities for the creation of industrial jobs in the production and use of these technologies. Still, it is important to question how the deployment of these energy sources can be supportive of an industrialization pathway in other manufacturing sectors for each country. Will green energy sector development trigger or hamper national industrialization pathways. In particular, future demand for energy in a developing manufacturing sector can be a lead market to justify the future profitability of an energy sector investment. The other way around, an energy sector investment at scale is also a guarantee necessary to justify the feasibility and profitability of an investment in a manufacturing industry sector. Hence, investors need to look jointly at investments in energy sectors and in manufacturing sectors.

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