This report provides some initial indications as to how the international community can make pragmatic moves to build on existing governance frameworks, consolidate progress made in the negotiations on a future high seas treaty to date, and lay a foundation for the effective deployment of area-based management tools (ABMTs) and marine protected areas (MPAs).


Initial indications for advancing area-based management tools: (1) Start with a strong foundation of principles and objectives;(2) Build on consensus, support existing efforts, and fill in the gaps; (3) Empower the CoP; (4) Learn by doing and avoid “paper parks”; (5) Develop a strong scientific infrastructure; (6) Don’t delay in establishing monitoring and compliance mechanisms; (7) Cooperate both within and outside the Marine biodiversity beyond national jurisdiction (BBNJ) agreement.

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