This Study focuses on the appropriation and use by the various actors of the 2030 Agenda. Has it made it possible to change the practices of national governments, major international organisations, a specific community such as the Ocean community, companies or NGOs? Are their implementation approaches relevant? What have the SDGs brought to international and national policy debates and decisions? And what are the possible levers to accelerate the implementation of the 2030 Agenda?

Key Messages

  • 4 years after its adoption, more and more references are made to the 2030 Agenda by international organisations, governments, the private sector and non-state actors, but these rarely question practices and nor do they initiate a transformative project.  
  • Governments are not mobilising enough to implement the 2030 Agenda. By 2030, we must accelerate. Interesting experiences exist, in particular to integrate SDGs into budget processes.  
  • We must restore the backbone of the 2030 Agenda, develop a clear vision of what contributes or not to the SDGs, and prevent the SDGs from being the victim of a too vague interpretation game in which everyone could integrate without questioning the real impact of their actions on the entire agenda.
  • For the 2030 Agenda to become a real global roadmap, it is time to move away from a form of "soft consensus" and place this agenda at the heart of debates, especially when they are difficult and complex. It should make it possible to discuss sectoral policies, particularly trade policies, by examining their impacts on all the SDGs. It must help in decision-making and inform the orientations and trade-offs necessary to develop sustainable development pathways and lead stakeholders to ask themselves whether we can do differently and better. The six transformations proposed by the Global Report on Sustainable Development provide a useful approach for these discussions.
  • The High-Level Policy Forum (HLPF) should be a forum for dialogue and guidance to support and develop mechanisms to manage frictions and conflicts between SDGs and allow for genuine exchanges between stakeholders on the strategic choices that need to be made. This forum should be clearer on what does or does not contribute to the SDGs transformative project and ensure an assessment of the effectiveness of reviewed actions.
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