Context and issues

The Paris Agreement created a qualitative Global Goal on Adaptation in 2015: enhancing adaptive capacity, strengthening resilience and reducing vulnerability to climate change. Countries are due to assess collective progress against this goal in 2023 (without focusing on a country or a group of countries) to inform adaptation activities underway across countries, gaps and needs, and international cooperation on adaptation, as part of the Global Stocktake under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). Despite increasing attention given to adaptation “metrics”, and growing calls for a stronger political emphasis on adaptation, there remains important methodological and political challenges to assessing adaptation progress. These include the lack of scientific or self-reported data, as countries’ reporting on adaptation is merely optional. 


The Global Adaptation Progress tracker (GAP-Track) aims to explore innovative and complementary ways of assessing global progress on adaptation to climate change.

The GAP-Track leads three workstreams: the development of the methodological protocol; policy engagement through the support of a Steering Committee convening policy-makers, decision-makers and practitioners on adaptation from worldwide organizations; case studies to shed light on application of the approach, lessons learnt and opportunities for upscaling. 

Its methodology relies on an expert judgement exercise using a questionnaire matrix and scoring system for Representative Adaptation Challenges (e.g. coastal adaptation). The approach promotes cross scale applicability, flexibility, technical robustness of results and openness to a variety of resources and knowledge. Two- case studies are carried out for the pilot phase in 2021 focusing on coastal adaptation progress in Mauritius Island and Senegal.