With the objective to support negotiators, and more broadly all stakeholders, involved in the preparation of the post-2020 Global Biodiversity Framework (GBF), IDDRI and PBL Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency organized in December 2021 a series of two workshops to foster discussions on the options to enhance non-state commitments and to link them to the GBF and other international frameworks, while ensuring both ambition and measurability.

This report provides a synthesis of the discussion, that took place under Chatham House Rules.


Landry, J., Kok, M., Rochette, J. (2022). Anchoring non-state action within CBD processes: institutional and operational options for the post-2020 framework. Workshop report – December 10 & December 17, 2021, IDDRI, Workshop Report, February 2022.

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