Un article présenté lors de la conférence internationale « Le système commercial international face au défi du changement climatique » ("Climate Change Policies and the World Trading System: the Challenges Ahead") organisée le 24 juin 2011 par l'Iddri et la Ferdi. Cet article a également été publié dans le Vol. 34, Issue 11 (November 2011) de la revue The World Economy (pp. 1844-1862).

Résumé [en anglais] :

"This paper discusses the role that trade can potentially play in both negotiating and operating a post-Kyoto/post-2012 global climate policy regime. As an addition to the bargaining set for a global climate negotiation, trade in principle widens the range of jointly beneficial potential outcomes and can in this sense be a possible facilitator of an agreed global climate regime. The reverse is also true, that in a linked climate-tradefinance global policy coordination structure that goes well beyond what was envisioned at Bretton Woods, climate now added to the global policy bargaining set also offers the prospect of potentially stronger trade disciplines (and even beyond WTO disciplines being negotiated). Trade policy can also be an instrument for the implementation of a global climate regime, since trade provides a mechanism for achieving an internalization outcome for the global externality that climate change represents, and that provides a potentially more efficient outcome and also helps meet distributional objectives. In short, trade added to the emerging post-2012 climate regime can expand the bargaining set for both (effectively linked) negotiations, and also provide an instrument for the implementation of an agreed outcome."

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