Dans cet article publié en partenariat avec l'UICN (Union internationale pour la conservation de la nature) et l'IASS-Potsdam (Institute for Advanced Sustainability Studies), les auteurs dressent un état des lieux des discussions internationales en cours sur la gouvernance de la biodiversité marine dans les zones situées au-delà des juridictions nationales.

Points clés [en anglais] :

  • A large majority of States now support the opening of negotiations for a United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) Implementing Agreement on the conservation and sustainable use of marine biodiversity in ABNJ.
  • States also agree that the possible future negotiations should be based on the “Package Deal” agreed in 2011, covering (i) marine genetic resources; (ii) areabased management tools; (iii) environmental impact assessments; and (iv) capacitybuilding and the transfer of marine technology.
  • There are however controversies about whether an UNCLOS Implementing Agreement should fill only legal gaps (e.g. on access and benefit sharing [ABS]), or have a broader vision, e.g. by enumerating guiding principles for the management of ABNJ, strengthening existing agreements and institutional arrangements, and enhancing cooperation and coordination.
  • States are divided on the role of an UNCLOS Implementing Agreement in fisheries management.
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